What is myopia?
Myopia, also known as short-sightedness, is where a person can’t see distant objects clearly, but close objects can be seen clearly.
Myopia is a result of lights rays focusing on a point in front of the eye’s retina, instead of directly on it. This is because the eyeball is either too long, or the cornea is too curved for the length of the eyeball.
Myopia usually begins in younger children and progresses as they get older.
The myopic eye can increase the lifetime risks of serious eye conditions including myopic maculopathy, retinal detachment, cataracts and glaucoma.
When should children have their eyes tested?
These studies reinforce how important it is for all children to have their eyes tested before they start school - even if they are not experiencing any symptoms.
And continue those tests regularly – about every 1-2 years, particularly if there is a family history of myopia.
Managing myopia in its early stages can slow its progression, reducing the potential risk of developing high myopia and its associated conditions. This involves correcting the blurred distance vision associated with myopia and discussing and incorporating treatments to slow down the progression of myopia.
You can have your child checked earlier than pre-school if you notice your child’s eye is turned inward or outward, they tilt their head to one side, rub their eyes, complain of difficulty seeing or there is a family history of vision problems.